Seal (3rd Millennium BCE)
Babylonian sun god of Justice, Shamash (Utu), rises from Mt. Mashu, flanked
by the winged
and war goddess Ishtar (Inanna), Queen of Heaven and Earth, and the watery
god of Wisdom, Ea (Enki).
have a very interesting Sumerian/ Akkadian seal. Some researchers claim the
"cuneiform" inscription reads Adda the dubsar or scribe.The figures
with pointed hats represent gods. Among the Mades and Mande the pointed hat
represented a priest.
figure with streams of water with fish flowing from his shoulder is Enki, god
of the subterranean water. Enki protects the law and gives rulers their
intelligence and craftsman abilities. Enki's leg is bear and probably
represents leadership. Behind Enki is the two-faced vizier Usimu.
Ishtar, she has wings and weapons placed on them. In front of Ishtar, between
two peaks is the Sun god cutting his way through the mountain; from his
shoulder we see three wavy lines emanating from it which represents zi 'the
breath of life'. The god with a bow may represent Nuska the hunting god. Over
the lion we find a box with a Sumerian inscription. In the right panel we see
a capital 't' placed a top a triangle. The triangle represents the sign me
which has a number of meanings including: divine law, oracle, universal law.
panel on the right we read from top to bottom me du; me ta pa and under these
signs boot shaped sign with four lines on top tu dar lu . This panel reads: "Make
the Me. Entrust the me (to this ) person to make the
perfect libation". In the left panel we read from top to bottomni
bu-tu. gi bu , "(In) Respect make the perfect libation. Act justly (
in its) distribution".
discussion of Proto-Saharan writing systems make it clear that various
ancient people in Sumer, the Saharan region and Egypt used a syllabic script.
The inscriptions they left appear to have served talisman or amulet. . They
were carved to illustrate the devotion of these people to their gods and
goddess and are a great testimony to the great civilizations built by the