That the pigeon was already at
least partially domesticated in Mesopotamia after Noah’s time comes
from al’Ubaid, where a row of sitting pigeons is pictured
on the limestone frieze of a temple façade dating from ca 3000 B.C. The
pigeon’s homing instinct to return to its nest from considerable distances
also must have been recognized and exploited since earliest
times. Noah evidently had knowledge of this homing instinct when
he sent forth a female dove from the ark.